Endoscopic and functional surgery of the nose and sinuses

What is it?

RINOSINUSITIS is a disease of the paranasal sinuses, these are the cavities found in the face and other times they can cause mucus and cause obstruction of the nose, yellowish-green mucus secretion, forward and into the throat, in addition to pain of head, pain in the teeth, and sensation of bringing a mask, when it comes to an acute phase is a session with medical treatment, but when it became a CHRONIC SINUSITIS the resolution is THE ENDOSCOPIC SURGERY OF THE PARANASAL BREASTS this is a cutting-edge surgery, during 1951-1956, Hopkins made fundamental improvements in the optical parts of endoscopy. Messerklinger is considered the first to develop and establish a systematic endoscopic diagnostic and therapeutic approach for the lateral wall of the nose, his studies started in 1950 in Graz, Austria, and showed in most cases that the maxillary sinuses and frontals are indirectly involved by a primary disease that originates in the narrow spaces of the lateral wall of the nose and on the anterior side. In 1984 Dr. David Kennedy made the first publications in the United States of America demonstrating the usefulness of functional sinus surgery that called attention to the possibility of restoring sinus drainage and recovering the mucosa, with minimally invasive techniques. principles understood and based largely on the use of the endoscope and that has become popular throughout the world.

In order for an OTORRINOLARINGOLOGO to perform this surgery, they must have had special training, including courses that include corpse practices, since their complications are dangerous, such as: orbital lesions, the cranial cavity, the cavernous sinus, the nasolacrimal duct and the vascular structures, epistaxis less than 500 ml trans or postoperative, hyposmia, synechiae, headache, ecchymosis, periorbital emphysema, facial or dental pain Correspondence to major complications the following: epistaxis greater than 500 ml trans or postoperatively, anosmia, nasolacrimal duct trauma, carotid lesion, intracranial hemorrhage, orbital hematoma, diplopia, decreased visual acuity, blindness, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula, pneumocephalus, or meningitis.

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